The Identity, Sacrifice, and Purpose of Christ (Romans 1:3-7)


Romans 1:3-7(NASB)

 concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as [e]saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Greetings: 1st part Paul identified his identity, his sacrifice, and his purpose.

This is the 2nd part of the greetings.

The identity, sacrifice, and purpose of Christ.

The Identity of Christ

3) Concerning His son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh, 4) who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord.

He is the Son of God v.3,4

The Person: Born of a descendant of David according to the flesh v. 3

The first thing we can note that Jesus is royalty Born from a Royal blood line. How is this important relating to the identity of Christ? Genealogies were of very importance in the time Jesus was on the earth. They weren’t met with the same negative boredom as they are today.

Being a descendant of David was respected in Jewish culture.  Matthew 1:1. You can’t argue genealogies. They are statements of fact that is why genealogies are important in the Old Testament because we know that these people existed. It gives credentials to the story.

Jesus was flesh and blood because flesh and blood was required to satisfy God’s wrath toward sin.

The God:  Declared the Son of God. v.3,4

John 17:1,5,21

Jesus – because he was the human vessel that God used to save people from their Sin.

Christ- because He has been anointed by God as King and Priest

Our Lord- Because He is God and is the sovereign ruler of the universe.

Jesus is both God and Man. This is why Paul includes this in the greetings part of the letter. Because it is one of the first things that need to be mentioned regarding Jesus Christ! He had all the power of God dwelling with a human body.

His Sacrifice and Purpose:

Through the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross we can claim His life, and receive power through the Holy Spirit to obey God’s word and grace can be applied all because of the sacrifice of Christ.

Because Jesus’ sacrifice was His purpose, it opens up the purpose for our lives today.

5) Through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles

Through (Jesus) we have received grace and apostleship to bring about obedience of Faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake.

It is impossible to attain grace or obey God without Jesus Christ being Lord and Savior over your Life. A person claiming to be in Christ and their life is utter disobedience is living a complete lie!

5c) for his name’s sake

Don’t be deceived into thinking that you are the reason Christ Came! John 3:16 God did send his Son to save the world and does not wish for any person to perish. @ 2 Peter 3:9 It isn’t for man, the entire purpose of Christ and God’s plan for humanity is all wrapped up into (FOR HIS NAME’S SAKE) Man’s salvation is a by-product of God’s Grace. The main focus is to display God’s Glory!

6) Among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

{Because of Jesus} you also are the called of Jesus Christ. (John 10:25-30, Ephesians 1:3-8)

Our Response:

7) To all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints; Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Lord is the name God is referred to most often in Scripture. This reveals his sovereign nature of everything. If our life is not in obedience to His word, we are saying with our life that you are not Lord.

This is the closing statement of the greeting in which Paul is addressing the Romans.  It is a statement of promise and reward to those who are beloved of God and called as saints. To them Peace from God our Father and Lord Jesus Christ.

If a person does not obey God’s word, and has a life that looks exactly like the world this verse is not for them, because God is not their Father, and Jesus is not their Christ or Lord.

How we act depicts what we believe.

Romans 10:9-10- Notice the two distinctions of what happens when you confess with your mouth, and when believe with your heart that Jesus Christ is Lord, and God raised him from the dead.

Heart- brings about righteousness.

Mouth- brings about salvation.

The two are one! Without a heart that believes in Christ and his work righteousness will not follow because the power of Christ does not dwell within you.

Believing in your heart the work of Christ but not having the boldness to declare he is Jesus Christ our Lord, neglects the possibilities of you being a Christian.


Called as saints; Note how Paul emphasizes the called in Ephesians 4:1.

Jesus Christ can not receive enough praise for the life He lived and His sacrifice.  As it is important to realize this, do not be hypocritical toward this. Do not claim Christ with your mouth and deny him with your life.



P- Pray 3 minutes a day. You choose when that is.

R- Read Romans 1:8-15

O- Using a journal answer these 3 question: What is Obedience? Why is Obedience important? Am I obeying God’s Word?


The World, The Deceived, The Liar, and a Promise (1 John 2:15-29)


1 John 2:15-29

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

15 Do not love the world nor the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world. 17 The world is passing away, and also its lusts; but the one who does the will of God lives forever.

18 Children, it is the last hour; and just as you heard that antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have appeared; from this we know that it is the last hour. 19 They went out from us, but they were not really of us; for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us; but they went out, so that it would be shown that they all are not of us. 20 But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know. 21 I have not written to you because you do not know the truth, butbecause you do know it, and because no lie is of the truth.22 Who is the liar but the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, the one who denies the Father and the Son. 23 Whoever denies the Son does not have the Father; the one who confesses the Son has the Father also. 24 As for you, let that abide in you which you heard from the beginning. If what you heard from the beginning abides in you, you also will abide in the Son and in the Father.

25 This is the promise which He Himself made to us: eternal life.

26 These things I have written to you concerning those who are trying to deceive you. 27 As for you, the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you,you abide in Him.

28 Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have confidence and not shrink away from Him in shame at His coming. 29 If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who practices righteousness is born of Him.

The World: 15-17

  1. The World (v. 15-17)
    1. John commands not to love the world.
    2. Reasons the Christian shouldn’t love the world?

i.       Love of father is not in him (15)

ii.      The Lust in the world – Flesh, eyes, and pride of life (16)

iii.      The world is passing away. (17)

    1. The Believer in the world.
  1. 1 John 3:13- Don’t be surprised if the world hates you.
  2. John 17:14-16- Jesus’ prayer for His disciples- The believer is not of the World
  3. Romans 12:2- Don’t try to be like the world


    1. As believers, we are going to be in the world. The word of God will sanctify us, but we must commit to reading it, meditating on it, and obeying it. This is our defense. But many are deceived….


  1. The Deceived (v.18-21)
    1. The antichrists deny anything of Christ in hopes of deceiving God’s children. (2 John 7)
    2. There are two forms of deceptions:

1)      The believer that is deceived and get’s involved with the things of the world.

2)      The nonbelievers that think they are believers.

    1. The hope we have lies in the Word of Truth. God’s Word. This will not make sense to the one deceived. John 8:43-44


Story: There is a miniseries on TV called: Rosemary’s Baby. It’s a remake from an old movie. It is basically the story of this woman that is picked to have the child of Satan. Though the details aren’t the same, that’s exactly what happens when we disregard God’s Word.


  1. The Liar (v. 22-24)

a.Who is the liar John is referring?

-The one who denies Jesus as Christ.

b. How can we deny Jesus as Christ?

-the atheist perspective. Just flat out saying it.

-The Liar perspective. 1 John 2:3-4

c. To Confess in Jesus as Christ is to have the Father. The commandments of Jesus must be obeyed. If we disregard even the smallest detail of the word we are liars and deny Christ.

  1. The Promise (v.25-29)
    1. What is the promise? Eternal Life.
    2. From the text how can we tell we will inherit eternal life? If we abide in Him.
    3. Abiding in him is a topic we have talked about each week since we started 1 John. I’ve asked it 3 weeks in a row. What is a verse we can tell that we are abiding in Him? John 15:1-11
    4. From John 15:1-11 what are some ways we can identify as characteristics for those that abide in Christ?

1.We bear fruit – v.2

2. We are pruned v.3

3. We give God the glory for our fruit, and realize it is not on our efforts or merit. V.5

4. Our prayers are answered. V.7

5. We love one another v.9

6. We keep His commandments. V.10

7. We are joyful. V. 11