The Identity, Sacrifice, and Purpose of Paul (Romans 1:1-2)

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Romans 1:1-2

Author: The Apostle Paul

Date of Writing: AD 57

Reason for writing: Paul was wanting to visit the church in Rome. So in his anticipation he wrote a letter for a theological framework which is the most comprehensive systematic statement of faith.

Themes & Key Words: Greetings ; The Gospel; The Wrath of God ; Judicial Abandonment; No Partiality ; Under the Law ; A Great Advantage ; Under Sin; Righteousness Revealed ; Faith and Works; Blessed; The Righteousness of Faith ; Justified.

Fun Fact: Who was the catholic priest that was teaching through Romans and the Lord saved after he read Romans 1:16? He became one of the most influential theologian starting the reformation….Martin Luther.

BREAKING IT DOWN!

Paul, A Bond-servant of Christ Jesus ,Called as an apostle: his identity

Set apart for the gospel of God : his sacrifice

Which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures :  his purpose

His Identity:

Paul A Bond-servant of Christ Jesus ,

Called as an apostle.

  • Bondservant (doulos)- Lit means slave.
  • Called : chosen as an apostle.
  • Did Paul choose to be a slave by accepting the call to be an apostle?
  • Did Paul become a slave because he was chosen to be an apostle?
  • Reference verse 2 note: PROMISE
  • TITUS 1:2
  • GENESIS 9:12-16

 

 

His Sacrifice

Set apart for the Gospel of God

What is the Gospel of God? 1 John 5:11-12

Why is Paul is Set Apart?

Why is this important?

How can we apply it to our lives?

Do we apply it to our lives?

 

 

His Purpose

Which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures.

Paul’s purpose was predestined by God.

Ephesians 1:5, 2:8-10

Acts 4:27-28

 

The PRO CHALLENGE

We’ve looked over 1 John. Are you a Christian?

Paul’s identity was in Christ. It was not a hobby, a facebook status, or a topic we talk about with only a certain group of people. As Christians our identity should be wrapped in Christ.

Become a Romans PRO:

Pray: 2 minute drill. Practice the discipline of prayer. When you get up spend two minutes of prayer with God. When you go to bed spend 2 minutes of prayer.

Read: Read Romans 1

Obey: Being set apart is the key challenge this week. Pick one thing a day to set yourself apart for the gospel of God.

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Praying Effectively Leads to Praying Compassionately (1 John 5:13-17)

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First before we begin let us look at the overview in which John has written in first thirteen stating his purpose for this entire letter.

13” These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may KNOW that you have eternal life. “

Having complete confidence in your salvation does not mean you are saved, just like doubting you are saved means that you are not saved. Because we are of the fallen man, first Adam, we live in broken depraved bodies. Every aspect of us is fallen, even our emotion that gives us assurance.

Ever thought something was right for so long, now looking back you see the error of it. Take slavery for instance. Slavery was a culturally acceptable term and practice in our nations history. I’m sure there were many Christians that owned slaves. But now looking back, we see the evil that it was. The sheer thought that you can own someone else seems outrageous. But in that time period it was not viewed as wrong. We will always have that problem  in whatever generation we live. I feel strongly and pray that abortion will be that thing that our children’s children look back and ask, “How could they have murdered all of those babies?” Regardless, of our flawed nature it is important that our lives are always under self examination. We must never reach a place in our Christian walk where we have felt that we have arrived at our destination.  By reading 1 John we can learn characteristics and qualities Christian’s should have. Through God’s Grace our lives should line up with this letter John has written.

How can you know you have eternal life based on what we’ve learned so far? John started chapter 5 by answering that. You know you have eternal life if you have a love for God and other Christians, confess that Jesus is Lord, and obey His commandments.

Christianity is a relationship. You can’t have a relationship of any value if communication isn’t part of it. There are two ways this communication happens.

1. Reading God’s Word

2. Praying

Let’s examine prayer for the remainder of this session.

14 “This is the confidence which we have before Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. 15 And if we know that He hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests which we have asked from Him.”

Why is prayer an important instruction when writing people with the hopes of giving them guidance on whether or not they have eternal life?

–          If God isn’t answering your prayers, it could be because you aren’t a believer.

Prayer 101: Praying Effectively

  1. Ask according to God’s Will
    1. 1 John 5:14-15, Matt 26:39, 2 Corinth 12:7-9
  2. Obeying His Word
    1. 1 John 3:22-23, 1 peter 3:12
  3. Abiding in Jesus
    1. John 15:7, John 14:13-14, 1 John 3:24

 

16 “If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask and God will for him give life to those who commit sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death; I do not say that he should make request for this. 17 All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death.”

Prayer 102: Praying Compassionately

NOTE: You cannot pray compassionately until you learn to pray effectively.

  1. Sin not leading to death
    1. God does not punish every believer that sins through death. You see the story of the man in 1 Corinthians 5:1-13. That man is told to leave the church. God doesn’t kill him for the sin he committed.
  2. Sin leading to death
    1. Acts 5:1-11. Both Ananias and Sapphira are killed instantly by the Lord. They both lied and were both killed. The lied about the money, and then lied to God about the money.

We can all think of people who claim to be righteous, or Christian, and are living in habitual sin. Our responsibility is to pray for these people. It isn’t our job to pray for death, it’s our job to pray that the Lord’s will be done in their life whether it be through being exiled from the church, being killed, or being revealed on the day of judgment. God will have His way in their life- Romans 2:5.

Knowing You Know God! (1 John 5:6-12)

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1 John 5:6-12

Knowing you Know God!

6. “This is the One who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ; not with the water only but with the water and with the blood. It is the Spirit who testifies because the spirit is truth.”

3 applications can be made

– Birth- Jesus was a man, and He came by water and blood. At birth- There is a whole lot of water…and a Whole lot of blood. This signifies that Jesus was a man.

– Baptism and The Cross- Gnosticism was around then, and John had addressed them earlier in 1 John 4:1-3. It was a common belief that Gnostics had that Christ came upon the man of Jesus at His baptism and left Him before death on the cross. This attacks Jesus’s Humanity which attacks His supreme role and sacrifice. This is a false teaching.

– The pierced side on the cross: John 19:34. Water and blood came from his side. There are many medical speculations to this. One that I hold to is that the physical death of Christ resulted from rupture of the heart, and that the cavities of the heart and the surrounding-vessels contained a watery fluid. When the lance broke the skin and hit the heart water and blood came out. The significance here is that the payment for our Sins was complete.  “IT IS FINISHED!”  John 19:30!

My view on this passage: The water signifies Jesus’ Baptism, and the Blood Signifies the Cross. All three points can be interpreted, and all of them can give the text a vibrant outlook on Jesus as Christ! But I feel John was addressing the importance of Jesus’ baptism and death.

The Spirit is the Holy Spirit that Testifies to Christ being a man, a God, and the Sacrifice for our sins.

7-8.”For there are three that Testify: the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.”

There are three that testify The spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.

(His Baptism, the cross) and The Spirit are all in agreement concerning Jesus Christ.

9. “If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater; for the testimony of God is this, that He has testified concerning His son.”

Now we have a fourth testimony: God.  He testified concerning His son.

  1. Water
  2. Blood
  3. God- The Spirit
  4. God-The Father

10. “The one who believes in the Son of God has the Testimony in himself; the one who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has given concerning His son. “

Now we have a fifth testimony.

  1. The water
  2. The blood
  3. The Spirit
  4. The Father
  5. The one who believes in Jesus Christ

Whoever believes in Jesus has the Testimony in himself. Whoever does not believe in God has made Him a liar. It’s a choice given by God. I ask you right now believe! How can you know you believe? Do not be lead astray by the things of this world, by the logic of men, or by the horrible example American Christianity produces.

John 3:18-20.“18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.19 This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20 For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed.

What is the testimony?

11-12 “The testimony is this- That God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has the life, he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.”

This whole passage of testimonies leads to this that God has given us eternal life through His Son, Jesus Christ. Believe in Christ and allow the testimony to dwell within you. And because all that testify are in agreement with each other, you will have eternal life because of who Christ is and what He did.

 

Let’s examine based on all of 1 John where we stand. Answering these questions can confirm whether or not we know God.

-Are you walking in the light, or in the darkness?

-Are you truly abiding in Christ?

– Are you deceived by false teaching?

– Do you Confess that Jesus is Lord?

– Do you love God?

– Do you love others?

– Do you keep His commandments?

-Do you rebuke the sin in your brother’s life?

– Do you abstain from Idols?

A word of warning while answering these questions.  Answering No to any of these questions could mean one of two things:

1. You do not know God. You can’t worship and believe in a God you don’t Know.

2. You are a true believer, and either through immaturity or lack of discipline there are some areas in your life that need much attention and prayer.